Archive for the ‘Scientific Advertising’ Category

Claude Hopkins, Part 3: Offer Service

August 29, 2018

Claude-Hopkins-picture2-194x300In this short chapter, Claude Hopkins talks to service as a viable advertising strategy. He argues that they should, in today’s terms, provide value. He references that they should provide information, that they should educate, that they should cite advantages to the user, and that they should do what they can to eliminate risk on the part of the consumer. Does this sound familiar to us? I would think that it should.

He provides several examples in this short chapter about how a salesperson might act in the situation. As you will remember, Hopkins considered advertising to be salesman in print. He had little or no use for advertising that did not advance the sales process, or as we would say today, the customer journey. He was concerned that advertising people sought to advance their own agenda and “spoke to their own interests” rather than to those of their customers.

Today we speak of choosing a target audience and speaking to that audience in a manner they can relate to. This would make sense to Hopkins.

That said, there is a great deal of discussion around how targeting and personalization are defined. The reality is that in most instances, we do not have enough accurate information around any given consumer to completely personalize. But we can base our communications on what we do know about that person. It often starts with demographics, and then proceeds onto to behavioral and psychographic data, depending on how much information the consumer is willing to volunteer. Using our own data and experience with a person is often a better point for starting a dialog than buying targeted profiles, although we may need to do this to get started and to expand our audience.

And this would also have appealed to Hopkins.  He felt that “people can be coaxed but not driven.” A face-to-face sales encounter would have followed a pattern but would also have varied person to person that the salesperson encountered. Again…not all that dissimilar to what we are trying to do today.


Claude Hopkins on Salesmanship and Relationship Building in Advertising

July 18, 2018


When we last visited Claude Hopkins, I indicated we would pick up with his second chapter of his book “Scientific Advertising”, which is based on salesmanship. In this chapter he also speaks to an extent to understanding and building a relationship with the customer.

While the language is somewhat out of date, I do think the thinking behind the language fits in well with our current digital world thinking on relationship building, personalization and getting to know the customer.

Initially he indicates that advertising is salesmanship, and that the “only purpose of advertising is to make sales”. He further argues “that it is not to keep your name in front of people” There are some other thoughts that he expresses, but it is obvious that he is a direct marketer and did not think much of institutional advertising.

I agree with this. But he also goes on to talk about the way that that is accomplished: through thinking of customers as people and taking their perspective, not your own. In his own words: “Don’t think of people in mass…think of the typical individual that you would want to sell” and “The advertising man (or woman) studies the consumer. He tries to place himself in the place of the buyer.” He felt that ads were often written more to please the seller than the buyer. Claude always believed the buyer (or the customer) should come first.

This is very much in keeping with what we try to accomplish today with much better tools than Claude ever had. According to emarsys,  “There are 3 strategic objectives that digital marketers need to set and measure in order to generate revenue.

The 3 strategic objectives are:

  1. Convert leads into buying customers
  2. Increase the LTV (Life time Value) of your customers
  3. Win-back inactive and lost customers“ (emarsys, n.d.)

They argue that everything we do should be oriented to one or more of these objectives. As we work through Claude, we will see that he would appreciate this thinking. All three objectives align with points that he makes related to direct marketing. Advertising should be convincing and that the appropriate points must be made at the appropriate point in the sales cycle.

Next time we will look at Claude’s views on service…

Emarsys (n.d.) 3 Strategic Goals Of Digital Marketing. Retrieved from:

Claude Hopkins Series – Advertising has rules and can be measured (Article 1)

June 30, 2018

A little over two years ago, I posted an article on LinkedIn called “What Claude Hopkins Knew 100 Years Ago”  –


One of the reasons that I wrote this article at the time was that Claude Hopkins was an amazing man, especially from an advertising and marketing perspective. His book, “Scientific Advertising” still makes sense today. While the techniques today are certainly different, he would have understood agile and he would have understood viral and growth hacking. I suspect he would have loved living in the digital advertising environment we have today. I intended, at the time, to create a series of articles on the book, comparing his thinking to what we see today in digital. I never did get there, but this time around, I hope to highlight the thinking he developed over his career and finally put into print in 1923.

David Ogilvy once said “Nobody should be allowed to have anything to do with advertising until he has read this book seven times. It changed the course of my life”. While the quote above needs to be taken in the context of David’s time, I think it is still accurate.

I was first exposed to this book in college. Honestly, I was too young at the time. I read it but really did not “get it”. Later, another remarkable man named Jay Abraham mentioned this book on several occasions. I went back and read the book again (along with “My Life in Advertising”) and found I was much more receptive this time around.

(FYI…for those of you not familiar with Jay Abraham, he is another marketing mind well worth checking out. I have read his books and articles, listened to his audio tapes, listened to his podcasts and watched his videos. He has had a major impact on my business process and my perception of how marketing should be done.

Jay is incredibly expensive to hire, but he is also very giving. He provides a great deal of free or inexpensive content for the rest of us…. I strongly suggest that you check this link, 50 Shades of Jay  to get a taste what he  is all about.)

But, back to Claude…

In the opening chapter of the book, he indicates that “advertising is not risky”, that there has been documentation on what works and what does not, and “we can learn the principles and prove them by repeated tests”. He was of course referring to mail order and print advertising, but this is essentially the rallying cry of digital. He was a strong advocate of couponing and versioning and measuring the results that were achieved while testing variations.

He also recognized that individual campaigns must be different, and that “no two campaigns are conducted around lines that are identical”. This is something that we all need to hear more frequently today. More often than not, I will hear that a specific (tactical) approach should be taken because it worked for Brand X. I also hear that personas that we have should align with personas developed by Brand X. Neither of these are likely to be true as we should have our own brand position and target audience out there in the market. Claude understood that ”me too” rarely worked, and that while you needed to understand the basic principles, every brand needs to forge its own path. This is very much aligned with the differentiation and relationship selling we all talk about today.

We have come full circle in some respects. Digital is also direct marketing. We stepped away from this in the days of big media, broad messaging and push advertising. “Most national advertising is done without justification. It is merely presumed to pay. A little test might show a way to multiply returns” – Claude C. Hopkins

But 1:1 was something that Claude would understand. In fact, my next article will be how he compares advertising to salespersonship.